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  • The Evolution of News and Strategies to Evaluate and Share




    Use the RAVEN to evaluate the credibility of sources





    R - Reputation

    What is the reputation of the author, the sources, and the publication? Do past actions or lies indicate the author, sources, or publication may not be reliable? Is the author, source, or publication in a position of authority?

    A - Ability to observe

    Is the author in a position that allows access to reliable evidence? If the article is about an event, did the author actually observe the event?

    V - Vested Interest

    Does the author have a personal stake in the topic or event? Would the author gain anything by lying? Would the author gain anything by telling the truth?

    E - Expertise

    Does the author have specialized knowledge on the topic or event? Does the evidence come from a source that has expertise on the topic or event?

    N - Neutrality

    Is the author neutral about the issue or is bias evident? Is the source of the evidence neutral or biased?

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    Fact Checking Websites

    Fact Checking Sites Run by News Organizations

    DIY Tips from American Press Institute

    Conservative Activist Fact-Check

    Progressive Activist Fact-Check

    Fact Checking Sites Devoted to Election Coverage Only

    Federal Websites

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